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PMP考试样题 中英文 [复制链接]

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PMP考试样题

The following questions are examples of the type of questions that appear on the PMP® Certification Examination.
下列题目是PMP认证考试中题目类型的例子。

Disclaimer: These questions are intended for study purposes only. Success on these questions is not indicative of success on the Project Management Professional Certification Examination. This download of the Sample Exam Questions is for your personal use and NOT FOR commercial use. Any Unauthorized use or duplication of this document is prohibited!
说明:这些题目只适用于自学的目的。在这些题目上的表现好坏并不代表PMP认证考试中的成功与否。考试样题可以下载供学习使用,但不得用于商业目的。未经授权,该文件不得复制。

1.    The MAJOR processes for project integration management are:
A.    Project plan development, project plan execution, and overall change control.
B.    Project plan development, project plan execution, and scope change control.
C.    Project plan development, overall change control, and scope change control.
D.    Project plan development, initiation, and overall change control.
项目整体管理的主要过程是:
A.    项目计划制定,项目计划实施和整体变更控制。
B.    项目计划制定,项目计划实施和范围变更控制。
C.    项目计划制定,整体变更控制和范围变更控制。
D.    项目计划制定,启动和整体变更控制。

2.    Project sponsors have the GREATEST influence on the scope, quality, time, and cost of the project during the:
A.    Concept phase.
B.    Development phase.
C.    Execution phase.
D.    Close-down phase.
在下列哪一个阶段项目发起人对项目的范围、质量、时间和成本有最大的影响力:
A.    概念阶段
B.    制定阶段
C.    实施阶段
D.    收尾阶段

3.    Ideally, communication between the project manager and the project team members should take place:
A.    Via daily status reports.
B.    Through approved documented forms.
C.    By written and oral communication.
D.    Through the formal chain of command..
项目经理和项目团队成员之前最理想的沟通方式是:
A.    通过日常状态报告
B.    通过批准的文件报表
C.    通过书面的和口头的沟通
D.    通过正式的指令链

4.    A project’s payback period ends when:
A.    Profit maximum is realized.
B.    Unit profit is realized.
C.    Monthly revenue exceeds monthly costs.
D.    Cumulative revenue equals cumulative coses.
项目的投资回收期何时结束:
A.    实现利润最大化后
B.    实现单位利润后
C.    月度收益大于月度成本时
D.    累积收益等于累积成本时

5.    A scope statement is important because it:
A.    Provides the basis for making future project decisions.
B.    Provides a brief summary of the project.
C.    Approves the project for the stakeholders.
D.    Provides criteria for measuring project cost.
范围说明书的重要性是因为:
A.    提供了制定项目未来决策的基础
B.    提供了项目的简要概述
C.    为项目干系人批准了项目
D.    提供了计量项目成本的标准

6.    A project management professional can compare earned value performance data to all of the following project management tools EXCEPT:
A.    Critical path analysis.
B.    Technical performance metrics.
C.    Risk mitigation plans.
D.    Forecasted final costs and schedule estimates.
项目管理人员可以把挣值绩效数据和下述的项目管理工具进行比较,但不包括:
A.    关键路径分析
B.    技术性能指标
C.    风险减轻计划
D.    最终成本预测和进度估算

7.    During the project scope planning process, the work breakdown structure should be developed to :
A.    The Sub-project level.
B.    The level determined by the project office.
C.    A level allowing for adequate estimates.
D.    The cost center level.
在项目范围计划编制过程中,工作分解结构应该划分到:
A.    子项目的层面
B.    项目办公室所确定的层面
C.    能够进行充分估算的层面
D.    成本中心的层面

8.    The decomposition process is a technique used to construct a:
A.    Precedence network.
B.    Critical Path Method Diagram.
C.    Variance analysis.
D.    Work breakdown structure.
分解过程属于构建下列哪一个内容的工具:
A.    前导网络图
B.    关键路径图
C.    偏差分析
D.    工作分解结构

9.    A project loses a contractor in the middle of a project. A new project team is formed to replace the role of the lost contractor and his/her team. As a project manager, what is the FIRST topic to address to the team in the kick-off meeting?
A.    Identify team roles and responsibilities.
B.    Review detailed schedule.
C.    Discuss cost estimates.
D.    Emphasize your authority.
在项目进行过程中,有一家承包商退出了,这样,项目就组建了一支新团队以完成承包商及其团队所应当承担的角色。你认为项目经理在开工会议上,你需要给团队交待的第一件事是:
A.    确定团队角色和职责
B.    评估详细进度
C.    讨论成本估算
D.    强调你的权威

10.    Constructive team roles include:
A.    Encourager, initiator, and gatekeeper.
B.    Information giver, devil’s advocate, and clarifier.
C.    Withdrawer, harmonizer, and blocker.
D.    Summarizer, recognition seeker, and information seeker.
建设性的团队角色包括:
A.    鼓励者、启动者和把关者
B.    提供者、魔鬼建议者和澄清者
C.    回避撤退者、息事宁人者和信息阻挡者
D.    总结者、寻求认可者和寻求信息者

11.    A project schedule completion date will change if:
A.    The critical path is reduced.
B.    The contingency is no longer available.
C.    No float time is available.
D.    Project resources are reduced.
项目进度的完成日期将会发生变化,如果:
A.    关键路径缩短了
B.    应急储备没有了
C.    时差没有了
D.    项目资源减少了

12.    Your project is behind schedule due to conflict between team members. Having resolved the conflict, to get the project back on schedule, you should consider:
A.    Crashing the schedule.
B.    Performing resource leveling.
C.    Conducting reverse resource allocation scheduling.
D.    Utilizing the critical chair resources.
由于团队成员之间的冲突,项目落后于进度计划了,冲突得到解决后,为赶回进度,你打算:
A.    进行进度赶工
B.    实行资源平衡
C.    执行逆向资源分配进度计划
D.    动用关键的后备资源

13.    Risk quantification includes:
A.    Enumerating sources of internal and external events.
B.    Identifying potential events and impact.
C.    Evaluating probability and impact.
D.    Developing contingency plans and resources.
风险的量化包括:
A.    例举内部和外部事件来源
B.    确定潜在的事件和影响
C.    评估概率和后果
D.    制定应急计划和资源

14.    In which project phase do you have the GREATEST influence on project risk?
A.    Conceptual
B.    Design
C.    Execution
D.    Implementation
在下述哪一个项目阶段,你对项目的风险有最大的影响力?
A.    概念形成
B.    设计
C.    实施
D.    执行

15.    A precise description of a deliverable is called a:
A.    Specification
B.    Baseline
C.    Work package
D.    Work breakdown structure element
对一项交付成果的精确描述称为:
A.    规格
B.    基准
C.    工作包
D.    工作分解结构要素

16.    The objective of fast tracking a project is to:
A.    Increase productivity.
B.    Reduce project duration.
C.    Increase schedule tracking controls.
D.    Reduce project risks.
项目快速跟进的目标是:
A.    提高生产效率
B.    减少项目历时
C.    提高进度跟踪控制
D.    降低项目风险

17.    When a project manager places a purchase order for a piece of equipment, it represents which of the following?
A.    Commitment
B.    Expense
C.    Cash out-flow
D.    Capital investment
项目经理为一件设备发出了定单,这称为:
A.    承诺
B.    开支
C.    现金流出
D.    资本投资

18.    Which of the following are frequently used tools in procurement planning?
A.    Make or buy analysis, expert judgement, and contract type selection.
B.    Contract type selection, bidders conferences, and expert judgement.
C.    Expert judgement, audits, and bidders conferences.
D.    Make or buy analysis, contract type selection, and weighting system.
下面哪一个是采购计划编制中的常用工具?
A.    自制/外购分析,专家判断和合同类型的选择
B.    合同类型选择,招标会和专家判断
C.    专家判断,审计和招标会
D.    自制/外购分析,合同类型选择和加权系统

19.    You have just taken control of a project in the middle of execution and need to learn who has approval authority for revisions in scope. Which document provides this information?
A.    Resource assignment matrix
B.    Change control plan
C.    Project charter
D.    Client organization chart
在一个项目的实施过程中,你开始负责管理这个项目,你需要了解谁有范围修订的批准表,你可以从哪个文件中获得信息?
A.    资源分配矩阵
B.    变更控制计划
C.    项目章程
D.    客户组织关系图

20.    Of the following conflict management approaches, which is believed to lead to the LEAST enduring positive results?
A.    Problem solving
B.    Avoidance
C.    Compromise
D.    Forcing
在下述的冲突管理方法中,你认为哪一种的正面持续效果最差?
A.    解决问题
B.    回避
C.    妥协
D.    强迫

21.    Complex projects, involving cross-disciplinary efforts, are MOST effectively managed by:
A.    Multiple lead project managers.
B.    A functional organization.
C.    A strong matrix organization.
D.    A strong traditional manager.
复杂的项目涉及跨部门的工作,可以通过哪种方式进行有效管理:
A.    多个负责项目经理
B.    职能式组织
C.    强矩阵组织
D.    强势的传统经理

22.    The measure used to forecast project cost at completion is:
A.    CPI
B.    SPI
C.    BCWP
D.    ACWP
用于预测项目完工成本的尺度是:
A.    CPI
B.    SPI
C.    BCWP
D.    ACWP

23.    A contractor’s deliverable has been delayed 30 days. The process of determining how this event will affect the project schedule is called risk:
A.    Identification
B.    Mitigation
C.    Simulation
D.    Assessment
有一个承包商的交付成果拖延了30天,确定这一事件对项目进度的影响称为风险的:
A.    认别
B.    减轻
C.    模拟
D.    评估

24.    Conflict resolution techniques that may be used on a project include:
A.    Withdrawing, compromising, controlling, and forcing.
B.    Controlling, forcing, smoothing, and withdrawing.
C.    Confronting, compromising, smoothing, and directing.
D.    Smoothing, confronting, forcing, and withdrawing.
可以运用于项目中的冲突解决技巧包括:
A.    撤退、妥协、控制和强迫
B.    控制、强迫、圆滑和撤退
C.    面对问题、妥协、圆滑和指示
D.    圆滑、面对问题、强迫和撤退

25.    It is critical for your company to offer its products on the Internet to increase its market share. The company has no previous experience in this area, but it believes that knowledge is needed rapidly. As you have shown an interest in the Internet, you are asked to start planning for this project.
What is the FIRST step to take as you begin planning?
A.    Identify the risks.
B.    Plan the scope.
C.    Establish a resource plan.
D.    Complete a cost and schedule estimate.
公司迫切需要通过因特网销售产品,以期扩大市场份额,公司缺少这方面的经验,但又意识到知识是迫切需要的。由于你表现出对因特网的兴趣,公司要求你开始计划这个项目。
要开始计划编制,你的第一步工作是:
A.    识别分险
B.    计划范围
C.    建立资源计划
D.    完成成本和进度控制

26.    Effective stakeholder management includes all of the following project elements EXCEPT:
A.    Clear requirements definition.
B.    Scope change control.
C.    Timely status information.
D.    Frequent cost reports.
有效的项目干系人管理包括以下项目要素,但不包括:
A.    清楚的需求定义
B.    范围变更控制
C.    及时的状态信息
D.    频繁的成本报告

27.    A likely result of using “compromise” to resolve a two-party conflict is:
A.    Lose-lose
B.    Win-lose
C.    Win-win
D.    Lose-win
采用“妥协”来解决双方冲突的一个可能的结果是:
A.    输-输
B.    赢-输
C.    赢-赢
D.    输-赢

28.    As part of the quality audit, the scope statement is checked against the work results to ensure the conformance to the customer requirements. The results should be documented and used for:
A.    Estimating future projects.
B.    Changing the project scope.
C.    Defining future project tasks.
D.    Validating the quality process.
作为质量审计的一部分,把范围说明书和工作结果相对照,以保证符合客户要求。这样的结果应当进行归档并应用于:
A.    估算未来项目
B.    变更项目范围
C.    定义未来项目任务
D.    证实质量过程

29.    A generally accepted method to confirm accuracy of task progress is through:
A.    Earned value.
B.    Probability vs. outcome.
C.    Maximum ceiling.
D.    Work breakdown structure.
要确认任务进度的准确性,一个普通接受的方法是通过:
A.    挣值
B.    概率与后果
C.    最大上限
D.    工作分解结构

30.    Which of the following techniques is used to control the project schedule?
A.    Pareto diagram
B.    Performance measurement
C.    Parametric modeling
D.    Statistical sampling
下面哪一种技术工具应用于项目进度的控制?
A.    帕累托图
B.    绩效衡量
C.    参数模型
D.    统计抽样

31.    Pareto analysis, cause and effect, and flow charts are all tools used in quality:
A.    Control
B.    Benchmarking
C.    Planning
D.    Verification
帕累托分析、因果关系与流程图等等工具应用于质量的:
A.    控制
B.    标杆
C.    计划
D.    核实

32.    Elements of changing a project schedule include all of the following EXCEPT:
A.    Obtain the appropriate levels of approval.
B.    Submit the appropriate change requests.
C.    Evaluate the impact of a change to the schedule.
D.    Adjust the project end date to the schedule variance.
变更项目进度的要素不包括下列哪一个:
A.    获得适当的认可水平
B.    提交适当的变更请求
C.    评估进度变更的影响
D.    根据进度偏差调整项目完工日期

33.    An individual’s willingness to take a risk can be determined by:
A.    Decision tree modeling.
B.    Monte Carlo method.
C.    Sensitivity analysis.
D.    Utility function.
一个个人愿意接受风险的程度是由什么决定的:
A.    决策树模型
B.    蒙特卡洛分析
C.    敏感度分析
D.    效用分析

34.    All of the following assist in determining the impact of a scope change EXCEPT:
A.    Project charter.
B.    Baseline.
C.    Performance measurement.
D.    Milestones.
下列因素有助于决定范围变更的影响,但不包括:
A.    项目章程
B.    基准
C.    绩效测量
D.    里程碑

35.    A project was estimated to cost $1.5 million and scheduled to last six months. After three months, the earned value analysis shows the following:
BCWP=$650,000
BCWS=$750,000
ACWP=$800,000
What are the schedule and cost variances?
A.    SV=+$100,000/CV=+$150,000
B.    SV=+$150,000/CV=-$100,000
C.    SV=-$50,000/CV=+$150,000
D.    SV=-$100,000/CV=-$150,000
一个项目的估算成本为150万美元,计划进度为6个月。三个月以后,挣值分析表明:
BCWP=$650,000
BCWS=$750,000
ACWP=$800,000
成本偏差和进度偏差是:
A.    SV=+$100,000/CV=+$150,000
B.    SV=+$150,000/CV=-$100,000
C.    SV=-$50,000/CV=+$150,000
D.    SV=-$100,000/CV=-$150,000

36.    Configuration management is a technique for:
A.    Overall change control.
B.    Project plan execution.
C.    Scope planning.]
D.    Risk quantification.
配置管理是什么的工具:
A.    整体变更控制
B.    项目计划实施
C.    范围计划编制
D.    风险的量化

37.    Scope change control MUST be integrated with all of the following control processes EXCEPT:
A.    Schedule
B.    Cost
C.    Procurement
D.    Quality
范围变更控制必须与下列控制过程整合起来,但不包括:
A.    进度
B.    成本
C.    采购
D.    质量

38.    Reviewing work products and results to ensure that all were completed satisfactorily and formally accepted is part of:
A.    Risk management.
B.    Quality control.
C.    Change control management.
D.    Scope verification.
评估工作产品和结果,保证满意完成和正式验收,这是哪一个过程的内容:
A.    风险管理
B.    质量控制
C.    变更控制管理
D.    范围审核

39.    Risk response development is intended to:
A.    Create steps to identify project risks.
B.    Formulate strategies for dealing with adverse events.
C.    Construct a list of previous project risks.
D.    Develop measurements to quantify project risks.
制定风险应付计划的目的是:
A.    建立识别项目风险的步骤
B.    制定处理不利事件的策略
C.    建立以前项目风险的清单
D.    建立量化项目风险的指标

40.    Due to cuts in funding, your project has been terminated. The scope verification process:
A.    Should be delayed until the project is completed.
B.    Should determine the correctness of the work results.
C.    Should establish and document the level and extent of completion.
D.    Will form the basis of the project audit.
由于资金削减,项目被终止,范围审梳过程:
A.    应推迟到项目完工进行
B.    应确定工作结果的正确性
C.    应确定并记录完工的水平和程度
D.    将构成项目审计的基础

41.    During the contract close-out, the project manager needs to document the:
A.    Formal acceptance.
B.    Statement of work.
C.    Payment schedule.
D.    Change control procedure.
在合同收尾阶段,项目经理需要记录:
A.    正式验收
B.    工作说明书
C.    付款进度
D.    变更控制步骤

42.    You’ve been engaged to manage a project. The estimated cost of the project is $1,000,000. The project sponsor has approved this amount. Your earned value calculations indicate that the project will be completed on time and under budget by $200,000. Based on this calulation, your personal profit will decrease by $2,000.
At the completion of this project, the project manager will document and archive all project information. This information may be used for future projects in all areas EXCEPT:
A.    Estimating durations.
B.    Administering contracts.
C.    Resolving conflicts.
D.    Allocating resources.
你着手管理一个项目,项目的估算成本是100万美元,项目发起人批准了这一额度。你的挣值计算表明项目将准时完工,而且低于预算20万美元。根据这一计算,你的个人利润将减少2000元。
项目完工后,项目经理需要记录和归档所有的项目信息,这样的信息可以应用于未来项目的下述领域中,但不包括:
A.    历时估算
B.    合同管理
C.    冲突解决
D.    资源分配

43.    A KEY activity in closing out a project is to:
A.    Disseminate status reports and risk assessment.
B.    Disseminate information to formalize project competion.
C.    Monitor the specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards.
D.    Transfer all the project records to the project owners.
项目收尾时的一个关键活动是:
A.    发布状态报告和风险评估。
B.    发布消息以正式确认项目完工。
C.    监控具体的项目结果以确定其是否符合相关质量标准。
D.    把全部项目记录转移给项目所有人。

44.    You’ve been engaged to manage a project. The estimated cost of the project is $1,000,000. The project sponsor has approved this amount. Your carned value calculations indicate that the project will be completed on time and under budget by $200,000. Based on this calulation, your personal profit will decrease by $2,000.
Given the estimated decrease in personal profit, what action should you take?
A.    Invoice for the full $1,000,000 based on the contract.
B.    Add tasks to improve the outcome and increase the actual project cost.
C.    Inform the end-user that you can add features to the project in order to use the entire budget.
D.    Communicate the projected financial outcome to the project sponsor.
你管理一个项目,项目的估算成本是100万,项目发起人批准了这一额度。你的挣值计算表明项目将准时完工并低于20万美元。根据这一计算,你的个人利润将减少2000美元。
考虑到个人利润的降低,你将采取什么行动?
A.    根据合同,仍然开出100万美元的发票。
B.    对结果进行改善,这样增加的任务就会使实际项目成本提高上来。
C.    告诉最终用户你可以增加一些特征以用满预算。
D.    把项目的财务结果传给项目发起人。

45.    You are building a water treatment facility. Routine tests reveal that there are contaminants in the water but that they have an extremely low risk for causing any sickness. As the project manager, you should:
A.    Inform the public that a detailed examination has been ordered to determine the extent to which the problem exists.
B.    Do nothing because there is extremely low risk for sickness except for some effects on small children and the elderly.
C.    Tell the public there is no problem, except for small children and the elderly who need to boil the water before drinking.
D.    Educate the public about the advances on water treatment technology and the industry efficiency and safety record.
你在建设一个水处理厂,例行的检查发现水中含有污染物,但引起疾病的风险是极低的。作为项目经理,你应该:
A.    告诉公众已安排进行一次详细的检查来确定问题存在的程度。
B.    什么也不做,因为除了对小孩和老人有点影响外,引发疾病的风险是其其低的。
C.    告诉公众饮这样的水是没有问题的,但小孩和老人需要把水烧开后再饮用。
D.    教育公众水处理技术的发展和工业效用以及安全记录。

46.    A KEY activity for achieving customer satisfaction is to define:
A.    The business use.
B.    Requirements.
C.    Product specificity.
D.    Change control.
实现客户满意度的一个关键活动是定义:
A.    商业用途
B.    需求
C.    产品明细
D.    变更控制

47.    When it appears that a design error will interfere with meeting technical performance objectives, the PREFERRED response is to:
A.    Decrease the performance value to equal the assessed value.
B.    Develop alternative solutions to the problem.
C.    Increase the specified value to set a new performance goal.
D.    Reduce the overall technical complexity of the project.
当一个设计错误影响到技术性能目标的满足时,最好的应对方案是:
A.    降低绩交标准值使之等于评估结果值
B.    确定问题的解决方案
C.    提高规定值以建立新的绩效目标
D.    降低项目整体的技术复杂度

48.    The disorientation experienced by people who suddenly find themselves living and working in a different environment is known as:
A.    Culture shock
B.    Sociocentrism
C.    Temporal shock
D.    Ethnocentrism
人们在一个全新的环境中工作与生活所体验到的迷失被称为:
A.    文化冲突
B.    社会中心论
C.    暂时冲突
D.    民族优越感

49.    What is the MOST effective process to ensure that cultural and ethical differences do not impede success of your multi-national project?
A.    Co-locating
B.    Traning
C.    Forming
D.    Teaming
要保证文化和道德差异不防碍一个跨国项目的成功,最有效的过程是:
A.    协同定位
B.    培训
C.    团队形成
D.    团队建设

50.    Negotiation across international cultures involves mutual interdependence between parties. The negotiation MUST be conducted in an atmosphere of:
A.    Mutual trust and cooperation
B.    Generalities and vagueness
C.    Sincerity and compassion
D.    Uncertainty and caution
跨国家与文化之间的谈判需要双方的相互依赖,谈判的后气氛应当是:
A.    相互信任与合作
B.    泛泛而谈
C.    真诚与同情
D.    不确定和谨慎
分享 转发
2#

本来想上传附件的,但觉得不直观
3#

不错,有答案就更好了
4#

是的,楼主下次把答案上传上来吧
5#

这么高级
6#

3楼4楼说得对
7#

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